* ( Agrimonia eupatoria
) placed under the bed to induce sleep, the source of a yellow dye. Used to treat serpent bites, agues, bowel disorders and bloody urine, 'flux of the blood', ear problems, splinters, ulcers, sores and fistulas, and jaundice.
ALEXANDERS (Smyrnium olustratum) Had been a food source, similar to celery and lovage. Use to expel the afterbirth , provoke urine, and, if taken in wine, to treat serpent bites.
ALKANET (Alkanna tinctoria) Orchanet, Spanish Bugloss. Used 'to colour sirrups, waters, gellies and such like confections'. Used in still birth 'it draws forth the dead child'. Also used for bites and stings of 'venomous beasts', bruises, fluxes, measles, worms, jaundice, morphew (chronic skin disease) leprosy, St Anthony's Fire (erysipelas, an acute inflammatory skin disease and Smallpox.
ANGELICA (Angelica archangelica) Associated with Arch Angels Michael and Gabriel, was used to ward off evil, particularly in the protection of women. Used as a confectionary, and flavouring eg Chartreuse, Vermouth. Used to treat very wide range of ailments : chest complaints, colic , deafness, gout, rheumatic diseases, sciatica, toothache,mind and the Plague.